Rocket Mail Continued


Late in 1870 the Atlantic Monthly published an article by Ewald Everett Hale entitled "The Brick Moon". In this article Hale argued that a second moon in the sky would tremendously facilitate navigation on the sears and on land. He proposed to send up into the sky a moon made of bricks and promised to get it there by the use of rockets.

In Germany at about the same time a mad by the name of Hermann Ganswindt wrote about rocket-propelled space ships with pressure-proof cabins. Furthermore, also at the same time Konstantine Eduardovitch Ziolkovsky - a deaf and desperately poor Russian - wrote an article "The Exploration of Planetary Space with Reactive Equipment" in which he advocated the use of liquid fuel for rockets and discussed many other important points of rocketry. He submitted the article to the "Scientific Review" whose editors apparently did not know what to do with it. So it was 1903 before his article was published. Later on, from 1911 to 1914, he published other articles on various questions concerning space travel.

In 1919 the American Robert Hutching Goddard, the "Father of Rocketry" wrote "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes". In this book he thoroughly investigated the mathematics of rocketry, developed the idea of step-rockets (now called multi-stage rockets), and filled it with figures, tables, and equations. It also included descriptions of rockets capable of reaching the moon. Incidentally, in 1935 his rocket reached an altitude of 7,500 feet.

In 1923, Hermann Oberth, born in Transylvania, published "The Rocket Interplanetary Space" in German language, a scientific treaty on space travel in which he described rockets with instruments as prototypes for space ships. He advocated the use of liquid fuel and claimed that it was possible to put large rockets into orbit around the earth. Oberth's book had great influence on the further development of rockets in Europe.

In the meantime, in 1926 Goddard in the USA had succeeded in getting the first liquid fuel rocket off the ground to a height of 184 feed. However, nothing about this was published. In 1927 "The Society for Space Travel, Inc." was founded in Germany with Hermann Oberth as president and Willy Ley as vice president. This society started experiments on rocket motors. At about the same time a rocket society was also founded in Austria and in 1929 its secretary Ing. Guido Baron Von Pirquet spelled out the philosophy of rocket development.

1. Purely experimental rockets

2. Instrument carrying rockets

3. Larger instrument carrying rockets

4. Largest rockets carrying instruments and mail

5. Still larger mail rockets carrying a pilot

6. Space ships...read more